Vol. 1 Iss. 1 Jan.-Mar. 2010

year 2010

Benefits and Costs of Urban Mass Transit in Asia - Cases for Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta and Manila N. Doi p. 153-157

Abstract: This paper tries to evaluate the economic impact of mass transit systems, such as subways or railways. On evaluating four different urban areas (Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta, and Manila), the paper analyses the benefits and costs associated with urban mass transits and estimate their economic internal rate of returns (EIRRs). Through estimating the EIRRs, this paper addresses the potential economic benefits of urban mass transit systems, specifically energy security and environmental conservation. The paper found that urban mass transit systems can, in general, produce substantial socio-economic benefits. The benefits come from savings on energy, CO2, time and passenger vehicle ownership. Also the simulation exercise revealed that cities with higher income may have bigger socio-economic benefits. Bangkok could enjoy the largest socio-economic benefits from expanding its urban mass transit network. Additionally, the analysis found that cities with higher population density may yield large socio-economic benefits. An outstanding example includes the case of Manila, which income level is nearly half of Bangkok, however, the city’s high population density will result in substantial socio-economic benefits through expanding its mass transit systems. It should be noted that more than two decades is required to realize the potential socio-economic benefits from the urban mass transit systems. And this suggests that the early and timely implementation of a project could maximize the potential benefits. To facilitate early implementation, planning for mass transit systems should be an integral part of the city’s energy and environmental policy. Keywords: Urban transport, mass transit, cost and benefit assessment, energy security, and sustainable development.

Attachment

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor i

At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor i

At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.